Life Insurance in Pennsylvania
Life Insurance Basics
Life insurance is an agreement between you (the insured) and an insurer. Under the terms of a life insurance policy, the insurer promises to pay a certain sum to a person you choose (your beneficiary) upon your death, in exchange for your premium payments. Appropriate life insurance coverage may provide you with a feeling of confidence, since you know that those you care about should be financially protected after you die.
The many uses of life insurance
One of the most common reasons for buying life insurance is to replace the loss of income that would occur in the event of your death. When you die and your paychecks stop, your family may be left with limited resources. Proceeds from a life insurance policy make cash available to support your family almost immediately upon your death. Life insurance is also commonly used to pay any debts that you may leave behind. Life insurance can be used to pay off mortgages, car loans, and credit card debts, leaving other remaining assets intact for your family. Life insurance proceeds can also be used to pay for final expenses and estate taxes. Finally, life insurance can create an estate for your heirs.
How much life insurance do you need?
Your life insurance needs will depend on a number of factors, including whether you're married, the size of your family, the nature of your financial obligations, your career stage, and your goals. For example, when you're young, you may not have a great need for life insurance. However, as you take on more responsibilities and your family grows, your need for life insurance increases.
There are plenty of tools to help you determine how much coverage you should have. Your best resource may be a financial professional, although there is no assurance that working with a financial professional will improve results. At the most basic level, the amount of life insurance coverage that you need typically corresponds to your answers to these questions:
- What immediate financial expenses (e.g., debt repayment, funeral expenses) would your family face upon your death?
- How much of your salary is devoted to current expenses and future needs?
- How long would your dependents need support if you were to die tomorrow?
- How much money would you want to leave for special situations upon your death, such as funding your children's education, gifts to charities, or an inheritance for your children?
Since your needs may change over time, you'll need to continually re-evaluate your need for coverage.
Types of life insurance policies
The two basic types of life insurance are term life and permanent (cash value) life. Term policies provide life insurance protection for a specific period of time. If you die during the coverage period, your beneficiary receives the policy death benefit. If you live to the end of the term, the policy simply terminates, unless it automatically renews for a new period. Term policies are available for periods of 1 to 30 years or more and may, in some cases, be renewed until you reach age 95. Premium payments may be increasing, as with annually renewable 1-year (period) term, or level (equal) for up to 30-year term periods.
Permanent insurance policies provide protection for your entire life, provided you pay the premium to keep the policy in force. Should the policyowner discontinue the policy, the reserve, known as the cash value, is returned to the policyowner, subject to applicable surrender or early withdrawal charges.
Has your agent ever prepared a needs analysis for you? Contact Asset Planning Insurance Group today and we will prepare a survivor needs analysis so that we can help you determine the proper types and amounts of coverage that you need.